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Johannes Brassart (Composer)

Born: c1400 - Lowaige, Limburg (?), Burgundia
Died: October 22, 1455 - Liège, Belgium

Johannes [Jean, John] Brassart [Brasart, Braxatoris, Brascatoris] [de Liege, de Leodio, de Ludo, von Lüttich] was a Burgundian composer of the early Renaissance. Of his output, only sacred vocal music has survived, and it typifies early 15th century practice.

Life

Johannes Brassart most likely was born in the province of Limburg, in the town of Lowaige, though the date is only known approximately. From 1422 to 1431 he was at the church of St. Jean l'Evangéliste in Liège, where he was a succentor. In the mid 1420's he visited Rome, moving there in 1431, where he was employed in the papal chapel as a singer and probably as a composer as well; he was in the choir at the same time as composers Arnold de Lantins and Guillaume Dufay. During this period Brassart most likely composed the motet O flos fragrans, which was popular enough to appear in several manuscripts of the time, as well as Te dignitas presularis.

In 1432 Johannes Brassart went to Basle, where he was a singer at the Council chapel, and two years later Emperor Sigismund employed him as rector of the chapel, a post which he retained until 1443. In 1445 he moved to Liège, where he had a post at the collegiate church of St. Paul. A notice of October 22, 1455 of a supplication for his benefice there indicates he had recently died.

Music and Influence

Survival of music from this age is spotty, and many sources of music from Liège were destroyed when Charles the Bold sacked the city in 1468. Nevertheless, some of Johannes Brassart's music has survived, including 11 motets, 8 introits, and many individual mass movements.

His music is typical of the early Burgundian style, using fauxbourdon techniques (frequent 6-3 parallelism in two voices singing above the principal melody part in the tenor voice), isorhythm, and the Burgundian under-third cadence. All of his surviving music is sacred, and includes mass movements, introits, and numerous motets; one of his pieces is on a German text, and almost certainly was written during his employment with the Imperial chapel. Often he used cantus firmus techniques, and frequently wrote with the melodic part in the top voice.

The introits are among the earliest known polyphonic settings of this section of the Proper of the Mass.

The mass movements, all for three voices, most often employ the fauxbourdon style, while the motets are typically isorhythmic. Many of the motets are for four voices. One of the distinguishing features of his motet style is the frequent use of an opening duet for two high voices, after which the remaining voices join in; this was to become a hallmark of the Burgundian style. His most famous motet, O flos fragrans, is modeled on a similar work by Guillaume Dufay, and the two composers may have known each other well.

 

Source: Wikipedia Website
Contributed by
Aryeh Oron (February 2006)

Use of Chorale Melodies in his works

Title

Chorale Melody

Year

Setting of Christ ist erstanden for 3 voices

Christ ist erstanden

Links to other Sites

HOASM: Johannes Brassart
Johannes Brassart (Wikipedia)

Johannes Brassart (Absolute Astronomy)

Bibliography

Keith E. Mixter: "Johannes Brassart", in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. Stanley Sadie. 20 vol. London, Macmillan Publishers Ltd., 1980. ISBN 1561591742
Gustave Reese: Music in the Renaissance. New York, W.W. Norton & Co., 1954. ISBN 0393095304
Peter Wright: "Brassart, Johannes", Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed January 23, 2005), Grove Music Online (Note: this article is completely rewritten from the 1980 Grove article, but each contains useful information not found in the other)

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Last update: ýSeptember 6, 2011 ý08:09:16