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Henri Gobbi (Composer, Arranger)

Born: June 7, 1841 - Pest, Józsefváros, Hungary
Died: March 22, 1920 - Budapest, Hungary

Henri Gobbi-Ruggieri was a 19th century Hungarian classical composer and piano professor. He was also a student and close friend of Franz Liszt. Gobbi had two children with Elisabeth Grimschaw. His daughter Gisela later became the second wife of Dr. Julius Adrian Pollacsek, while F. Liszt took the sponsorship for his son Franz Xaver. Many of Henri Gobbi's most important works still remain unpublished to date.


Henri Gobbi was the son of Alois and Mary Gobbi-Ruggieri (née Roth). His father was also a very talented musician and violin professor in Budapest who had come from an aristocratic Italian-Paduan family. After his marriage to a Viennese woman he settled in Hungary. His eldest son, Henri Gobbi showed in childhood an extraordinary musical talent, playing violin at the age of seven and later the piano.

At the age of 18 Henri Gobbi had already become part of the then well-known trio Grünwald-Müller-Gobbi, where he played the piano part. He graduated from the Royal Conservatory, having studied with musicians János Nepomuk Dunkl and music theory and harmony classes with Károly Thern. But his financial problems did not disappeare in the 1860s, so he still had to give private piano lessons at the beginning of his career in Budapest.

F. Liszt was at first careful as for Henri Gobbi's compositions. Gobbi had sent him his first Sonata in Hungarian style, Op. 13, which was dedicated to him, for F. Liszt's appreciation who expressed in his letter of reply an unusual interest and desire to meet the young artist himself. When F. Liszt recognized Gobbi's talent at their first meeting in Budapest, he gave his young pupil all of his attention. His works were acknowledged by other composers such as Johannes Brahms, Carl Tausig, Anton Rubinstein, and Hans von Bülow, whom Gobbi was in friendly relations with when he travelled to Vienna in the mid-1860s. J. Brahms made use of the revised version of his Piano Trio in B major, Op. 8. The other works were transcriptions that Gobbi did from J. Brahms and F. Liszt. The latter took Gobbi's sonata and several other compositions in his own concert program and let his students play them.

On his return to Budapest Henri Gobbi continued teaching and composing. At this point he wrote other musical works, a trio, a string quartet and various piano pieces. He showed the trio to Robert Volkmann, who then began teaching him composition. In 1866 Thern Károly resigned from his position as teacher at the National Academy of Music, opening vacancies for piano teacher candidates, but Henri's application was refused on the rounds of his young age.

Henri Gobbi and F. Liszt's relationship began in 1867 when publisher László Kugler proposed to send to a few compositions to F. Liszt in Rome. Due to the extremely cordial relations with F. Liszt, Gobbi became staff secretary and teacher when the Hungarian National Music Academy was built. His founder and president F. Liszt, gave him the professorship of the piano department. He remained faithful to this institution for almost ten years as a leading exponent of contemporary music in Hungary. This decade was probably one of the most interesting periods in the history of this institution, as F. Liszt's frequent presence in Budapest welcome enthusiastic music students from many countries. They rallied around the great composer and his rod professor. Henri Gobbi, who probably had the greatest respect among his disciples, among them the violin player and composer Edwin Bachmann, was known as a dutiful, strict but fair professor who enthusiastically supported and encouraged new talent and ideas. When J. Brahms was still terra incognito in Hungary, several of his works were presented by Gobbi thus making the public aware of his name. He helped the Bach-culture to bloom in Hungary and breathed life into several pieces by L.v. Beethoven.

F. Liszt took Henri Gobbi to his inner circles with little interruption for nearly 17 years, partly in Budapest, Rome and Weimar. Art enthusiasts wanted to know how F. Liszt would interpret his works. That was also in the time when Gobbi had the opportunity to live in New York as professor, but he preferred to devote himself to his personal goal of an independent Hungarian musical culture.


Piano Works:
Fantasy Pictures, Op. 17: Alone, Begging child, Intermezzo, Near the monastery, Outdoors, Returning Home
Six-tone Images: On the terrace, In the cemetery, The ruins of Csővár, With the big oak, In the chestnut forest, By the forest Bronnen
Six small character pieces, Op. 19: On the promenade, Small soldier, Night little piece, With the fishing, In the woods, From old times
An album sheet, Op. 27: Waltz Nr. 1, Op. 8, Waltz Nr. 2, Op. 8, Waltz Nr. 3, Op. 9, Waltz Nr. 4, Op. 11, Waltz Nr. 5, Op. 12, Waltz Nr. 6, Op. 22, Waltz Nr. 7, Op. 10, Waltz Nr. 8, Op. 22
Nocturne, Op.. 5
Which is my star, Op.. 5
Impromtu, Op.. 5
Kronázási induló-Ábránd, Op. 20
Concert Studies No. 3, Op. 25
Prelude and Toccatina, Op. 28
First Grand Sonata, Op. 13

Four-handed piano works:
Hungarian Suite No. 1
Hungarian Suite No. 2
Hungarian Suite No. 3
Suite No. 4 Hungarian
Hungarian Serenade
Hungarian Sketches, Op 23
Hungarian melodies
Gyászra ébredés (sad awakening)

Works for Violin and Piano:
Serenade No. 1 in F sharp minor, Op. 6
Serenade No. 2 in F major, Op. 6
Serenade No. 3 in D minor, Op. 6
Serenade No. 4 in F sharp minor, Op. 6
Serenade No. 5 in E flat major, Op. 6
Serenade No. 6 in D Major, Op. 6
My Friend A. Sipos, Op. 16, No. 1
Miss Mary Stevens, Op. 16, No. 2
My Friend F. Plotényi, Op. 16, No. 3
My brother Alois, Op. 16, No. 4

Source: Wikipedia Website (May 2013)
Contributed by
Aryeh Oron (June 2013)

Henri Gobbi: Short Biography | Piano Transcriptions: Works | Recordings

Links to other Sites

Henri Gobbi (Wikipedia) [English]
Henri Gobbi (Wikipedia) [German]




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