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August Reinhard (Composer, Arranger)

Born: November 27, 1831 - Ballenstedt, Germany
Died: November 27, 1912 - Ballenstedt, Germany

The German composer and author of a Harmoniumschule, August Reinhard, got his early cultural influences at the court of the Duke of Anhalt-Bernburg at Schloss Ballenstedt. Court concerts and opera performances at the Schlosstheater as well as contacts with orchestra musicians affected his musical development. But he decided first to be a teacher.

In 1850 August Reinhard received an employment at the Institute of Professor Dr. Carl Brinckmeier in Ballenstedt. In 1854 he was appointed by the Prince of Wittgenstein as a private teacher for his son. Finally he returned in 1868 returned to Ballenstedt. In 1888 he had to give up the occupation of teacher for health reasons, and dedicated himself from now on to the music, especially he supported the Harmonium. In 1901 he was appointed the professor h.c.

On his study trips with the Prince von Wittgenstein, August Reinhard visited the "Akustische Kabinett" of Kaufmann & Sohn in Dresden. There he played for the first time on a Druckwind harmonium, of which he became an expert. Reinhard did not see in the Druckwind harmonium cheap organ, but a keyboard instrument, which was able to produce expressive orchestral music. He gave special attention to the technical training of the harmonium playing, which he regarded as substantially different from the piano or organ playing. In 1877 the Berlin's publishing house Carl Simon published Reinhard's Harmoniumschule Op. 16, which sold over 40,000 copies up to Reinhard's death. Reinhard appeared publicly in harmonium concerts. One of his pupils was Paula Simon-Herlitz, the later daughter-in-law of his publisher. With the decline of the interest in the harmonium during the 20th Century, August Reinhard was almost forgotten. More recently there is some interest in the work of Reinhard.

Works (Selection)

24 Praeludien zum Gebrauch beim Gottesdienste für Harmonium (auch für Orgel) Op. 12
Zwanzig Harmonium-Studien (ein Supplement zu jeder Harmoniumschule) Op. 13
Harmoniumschule Op. 16
Drei Duos. Stücke für Harmonium und Pianoforte. (Anhang zur Harmoniumschule) Op. 16a
Sechs kleine Duos für Harmonium und Klavier Op. 26
Erstes Trio für Violoncell (Violine), Harmonium und Klavier, F-dur Op. 28
Zweites Trio für Violoncell (Violine), Harmonium und Klavier, F-moll Op. 30
50 kurze und leichte Choralvorspiele für Harmonium Op. 34
Drei Sonatinen für Harmonium Op. 38
Kleine Harmonium-Schule. (Auszug aus Op. 16) Op. 45
Drittes Trio für Violoncell (Violine), Harmonium und Klavier, G-dur Op. 46
24 Choralvorspiele für Orgel oder Harmonium zum gottesdienstlichen Gebrauch Op. 51
60 fünfstimmige Choräle mit Zwischenspielen und Schlüssen Op. 52
|Caecilia. Sammlung von 253 Choralvorspielen aus alter und neuer Zeit für Orgel oder Harmonium zum gottesdienstlichen Gebrauch herausgegeben von A.R. (darin 35 Stücke von A.R.) Op. 54
Zehn Nachspiele für Orgel oder Harmonium zum gottesdienstlichen Gebrauche Op. 72
Studien. 50 Übungs- und Vortragsstücke für Harmonium. Heft I und II Op. 74
Ernste Studien für Harmonium. 44 Stücke in strengem Stil Op. 83
Erste Sonate für Harmonium und Klavier, C-dur Op. 84
Zweite Sonate für Harmonium und Klavier, d-moll Op. 85
Anleitung zum kirchlichen Harmoniumspiel für Anfänger Op. 105
Zur Totenfeier. Phantasie über bekannte Trauergesänge für Harmonium Op. 109
ferner zahlreiche Transkriptionen von Opern-, Oratorien- und sinfonischer Musik für Kammermusikbesetzungen mit Harmonium
Works for piano (and piano 4 hands)
Diverse theoretische Abhandlungen und Aufsätze über das Harmonium


Source: German Wikipedia Website, English translation by Aryeh Oron (July 2007)
Contributed by
Aryeh Oron (July 2007)

Bach-A. Reinhard: August Reinhard | Works | Recordings

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August Reinhard (Wikipedia)




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