Recordings/Discussions
Background Information
Performer Bios

Poet/Composer Bios

Additional Information

Scores: Main Page | Cantatas BWV 1-50 | Cantatas BWV 51-100 | Cantatas BWV 101-150 | Cantatas BWV 151-200 | Cantatas BWV 201-224 | Other Vocal BWV 225-249 | Chorales BWV 250-438 | Geistliche Lieder BWV 439-507 | AMN BWV 508-524 | Other Vocal BWV 1081-1127, BWV Anh | Instrumental | Chorale Melodies | Sources
Discussions: Scores of Bach Cantatas: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Bach’s Manuscripts: | Part 1 | Part 2 | Scoring of Bach's Vocal Works
Scoring Tables of Bach Cantatas: Sorted by BWV Number | Sorted by Voice | Abbreviations | Search Works/Movements

Cantata BWV 135
Ach Herr, mich armen Sünder
Examples from the Score with Commentary

Mvt. 1 Chorus | Mvt. 2 Recitative [Tenor] | Mvt. 3 Aria [Tenor] | Mvt. 4 Recitative [Alto] | Mvt. 5 Aria [Bass] | Mvt. 6 Chorale

 

Mvt. 1 Chorus

This is one of many instrumental interludes illustrating the bassetchen texture of these sections (notice the lack of a basso continuo.) Here is an interlude very different from the others, for it strives upwards after the words about 'eternal life' have been sung. In the oboe parts at the top, the oboes vie for the next higher note each time. The running pattern in the strings inches upwards as well.

 

Mvt. 2 Recitative [Tenor]

Some typical word coloration on the words, "den schnellen Fluten gleich," where the word 'schnellen' ("fast") is primarily represented by 32nd notes; "Wangen abwärts rollen" shows the tears running down the cheeks (downward pattern of notes); and "Schrecken" ("terror") has a leaping pattern and a break (a rest) in the middle of the word, as if one's breath failed at this point.

 

Mvt. 3 Aria [Tenor]

Here is the triple repetition of the words, "Sonst versink ich in den Tod" ("Otherwise I will sink down and die") with each repetition stepping downward and having a final dropping interval on 'Death.'

A very effective device (and one that proves that Schweitzer was wrong about this aria being a parody of another cantata) is the triple repetition of "Stille" ("stillness") with an echoing silence following each repetition of the word.

 

Mvt. 4 Recitative [Alto]

Very powerful, sorrowful effects are achieved in the short arioso section of the recitative before it changes to a secco recitative.

 

Mvt. 5 Aria [Bass]

At the point when the bass sings about 'arrows bouncing backward', Bach introduces wild, jumping intervals and a special, complex rhythm that reflects this situation.

 

Mvt. 6 Chorale

The chorale has a cornetto indicated to be used only here in this cantata, whereas the trombone played an important role only the 1st mvt. duplicating and supporting the cantus firmus.

 

All snippets from NBA I/16
Contributed by Thomas Braatz (July 6, 2001)

Cantata BWV 135: Complete Recordings | Recordings of Individual Movements | Discussions: Part 1 | Part 2

Scores: Main Page | Cantatas BWV 1-50 | Cantatas BWV 51-100 | Cantatas BWV 101-150 | Cantatas BWV 151-200 | Cantatas BWV 201-224 | Other Vocal BWV 225-249 | Chorales BWV 250-438 | Geistliche Lieder BWV 439-507 | AMN BWV 508-524 | Other Vocal BWV 1081-1127, BWV Anh | Instrumental | Chorale Melodies | Sources
Discussions: Scores of Bach Cantatas: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Bach’s Manuscripts: | Part 1 | Part 2 | Scoring of Bach's Vocal Works
Scoring Tables of Bach Cantatas: Sorted by BWV Number | Sorted by Voice | Abbreviations | Search Works/Movements

Introduction | Cantatas | Other Vocal | Instrumental | Performers | General Topics | Articles | Books | Movies | New
Biographies | Texts & Translations | Scores | References | Commentaries | Music | Concerts | Festivals | Tour | Art & Memorabilia
Chorale Texts | Chorale Melodies | Lutheran Church Year | Readings | Poets & Composers | Arrangements & Transcriptions
Search Website | Search Works/Movements | Terms & Abbreviations | Copyright | How to contribute | Sitemap | Links



 

Back to the Top


Last update: ýFebruary 20, 2008 ý01:25:30