The Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra of Moscow (= TSOM is a Russian classical music orchestra established in 1930. The Orchestra is internationally recognised as one of Russia’s most prestigious and versatile orchestras. Originally founded as the Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra (= MRSO), it served as the official symphony for the Soviet All-Union Radio network. During Soviet times, the orchestra was sometimes known as the USSR State Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra, the USSR State Radio Symphony Orchestra, or the Symphony Orchestra of All-Union Radio and Television. Following the dissolution of the USSR in 1993, the Orchestra was renamed by the decree of the Russian Ministry of Culture and became Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra of Moscow Radio. Awarding the Orchestra the name of this great Russian composer was recognition of its role in promoting much of the music written by Tchaikovsky.
Alexander Orlov became the Orchestra’s first director in 1930 and is credited with developing a diverse and voluminous repertoire. From 1937 to the present, a series of outstanding directors have contributed to the Orchestra’s distinctive artistic style and personality: Nikolay Glovanov from 1937 to 1953, Alexander Gauk from 1953 to 1961, and Gennady Rozhdestvensky from 1961 to 1974. In 1974, Vladimir Fedoseyev assumed leadership, and turned the Orchestra into one of Russia’s most widely acclaimed ensembles.
Over the years, a distinguished group of composers, guest conductors and soloists have played an integral role in the development of the Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra: Leopold Stokowski, Mravinsky, Cluytens, Sebastian, Abendrot, Feitelberg, Carlo Zecchi and Kurt Sanderling are among the artists who have led the ensemble. Emil Gilels, Maria Grinberg, Yury Bashmet, Victor Tretjakov, Gidon Kremer, Mischa Maisky, Oleg Meisenberg, Lisa Leonskaja and more contemporary musicians (among them Maxim Vengerov, Nikolai Demidenko, Vadim Repin, Kun-Woo Paik, and Mikhail Pletnev) have supported the Orchestra from the very beginning of their career as musicians.
The Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra traditionally participates in the legendary international Tchaikovsky Competition and also in the musical evenings which take place in the museums of Peter Tchaikovsky in Klin and Votkinsk. The Orchestra has given premieres of the new works of such prominent composers as Shostakovich, Khachaturian, Miaskovsky, Prokofiev, Gliere, Sviridov, Boris Tchaikovsky and Sofia Gubaidulina. It has also premiered works of the best composers from the former Soviet Union such as Taktakishvili, Toradze, Oganesyan, Melikov, Barkauskas, Tormis and many more. Engagements abroad have included appearances in London, Tokyo, Paris, Milan, Munich, Frankfurt, Geneva, Stockholm, Rome, Oslo, Prague and many other major cities. The Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra of Moscow Radio is the only Russian orchestra consistently invited to open the concert season in the prestigious Golden Hall of the Musikverein in Vienna.
The Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra is a frequent participant in numerous festivals; Beethoven Festival in Bonn, Bruckner Festival in Linz, Mozart Festival in Salzburg, Menuhin Festival in Gstaad, Klang Bogen in Vienna, Rachmaninov Festivals in Los Angeles, Carinthian Summer in Villach, Millennium in Athens, Scriabin Festival in Graz, Festival of Modern Music in Paris, Festival of Prokofiev, Russian Modern Music in Germany, Jeunesse Festivals in Vienna, Grieg Festival in Bergen as well as festivals in Hong Kong, Rome, Bregenz, Baden-Baden, Zurich and Edinburgh. In 1990, the Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra of Moscow Radio was the first Russian orchestra to perform at the Salzburg Festival in honour of the Festival’s 70th anniversary.
For nearly 40 years, Vladimir Fedoseyev has led the Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra of Moscow Radio in the tradition of his predecessors. His interpretations are famous for their depth, artistic passion and great sensitivity for the national character of Russian music. Maestro Fedoseyev has created in the Orchestra a specific melodious emotional style that distinguishes it from others and has helped it to earn worldwide acclaim. Fedoseyev’s paternal attitude to the musicians of the Orchestra, his aspiration to make each of them a high level musician, has allowed many of the Orchestra’s musicians to perform as soloist, both with the Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra of Moscow Radio and other Russian and foreign symphony orchestras.
Vladimir Fedoseyev and the Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra have recorded extensively for a variety of labels including Ariola, JVC, Musica, Philips, Pony Canyon, Relief Records and Sony Classical. Among the Orchestra’s recordings are its critically acclaimed renditions of Mussorgsky’s Boris Godunov, all Tchaikovsky’s symphonies as well as Swan Lake and The Nutcracker and all Dmitri Shostakovich’s symphonies. The Orchestra has also recorded a considerable amount of opera and ballet. The Orchestra’s recording of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov’s May Night was awarded the Gold Orpheus Prize by the French National Recording Academy.
In February 2014, the Orchestra returned to Britain as leading ambassadors of the UK-Russia Year of Culture 2014, a project unprecedented in the scale and scope of its programme, sponsored by the British Council and the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The tour took in two performances; Symphony Hall Birmingham and Royal Festival Hall, London.