Recordings/Discussions
Background Information
Performer Bios

Poet/Composer Bios

Additional Information

Biographies of Performers: Main Page | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Explanation | Acronyms

Wiener Philharmoniker (Symphony Orchestra)

Founded: 1842 - Vienna, Austria

Wiener Philharmoniker (Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra = VPO), one of the most famous symphony orchestras of the world, founded by O. Nicolai (together with A. Schmidt and A.J. Becher) at the beginning of 1842, emerging from a union of musicians of the court opera orchestra (the members of the VPO are still recruited from the orchestra of the Vienna State Opera); the first philharmonic concert took place in the Großer Redoutensaal hall in Vienna on March 28, 1842. Subscription concerts have been performed since 1860 (in the Großer Musikvereinssaal concert hall since 1870). The VPO performed outside Vienna for the first time at the first Salzburg music festival in 1877 (Salzburg is still an important performance venue during the festival season). Long-term conductors include F.O. Dessoff (1860-1875), Hans Richter (1875-1882, 1883-1898), Gustav Mahler (1898-1901), Joseph Hellmesberger, Jr. (1901-1903), Felix Weingartner (1908-1927), Wilhelm Furtwängler (1927-1930, Main Conductor 1938-1945) and 1947-1954) and Clemens Krauss (1930-1933). In the intervening years and since 1954 the VPO has been managed by guest conductors. - The VPO went on its first tour abroad (Paris) in 1900.

10-11 subscription concerts, the Nicolai-concert (since 1887) and the traditional New Year's Concert (since 1940) are performed every year. The VPO ball, which has taken place annually at the Musikverein since 1924, is one of the main social events of the Viennese ball season. Outstanding personalities emerging from the VPO include A. Nikisch, H. Richter, Franz Schmidt and A. Rosé.

The repertory still focuses on classical symphony (J. Haydn, W.A. Mozart, L.v. Beethoven) and is complemented by Austrian symphonic music of the 19th century. Strict selection procedures, homogeneous training of musicians, tradition and the capacity to modulate the orchestra guarantee the worldwide reputation of the VPO, which uses a slightly elevated pitch in comparison to the standard pitch of a´ = 440 Hz.

The VPO has been an independent association with basic democratic structures ("democracy of kings") and has accepted women musicians in the orchestra since 1997 (first female member A. Lelke, harp). It awards an honorary ring (Rudolf Serkin, Leonard Bernstein, Clemens Krauss, W. Schneiderhan, Herbert von Karajan, Karl Böhm et al.) for outstanding merit.

 

Source: AEIOU Project Website
Contributed by
Aryeh Oron (July 2001)

Recordings of Bach Cantatas & Other Vocal Works

Conductor

As

Works

Wilhelm Furtwängler

Orchestra

BWV 244

Daniel Harding

Orchestra

BWV 244

Herbert von Karajan

Orchestra

BWV 232; Selection from BWV 243a

Clemens Krauss

Orchestra

Selection from BWV 244

Helmuth Rilling

Orchestra

BWV 69

Recordings of Bach’s Instrumental Works

Conductor

As

Works

Otto Klemperer

Orchestra

Brandenburg Concerto No. 1 in F major, BWV 1046 [4th]

David Oistrakh

Orchestra

Concerto for oboe & violin BWV 1060R [w/ violinist David Oistrakh & oboist Y. Sagftlain]

Recordings of Arrangements/Transcriptions of Bach’s Works

Conductor

As

Works

Claudio Abbado

Orchestra

Bach-Webern: Fuga (Ricercata) a 6 voci from Musical Offering BWV 1079, arranged for chamber orchestra

Dimitri Mitropoulos

Orchestra

Bach-Mitropoulos: Fantasia & Fugue in G minor ("Great"), BWV 542, transcribed for orchestra [2nd]

Links to other Sites

Wph INDEX WebSite
Complete Stereophonic Discography on Wiener Philharmoniker
Wiener Philharmoniker (AEIOU)

Wiener PhilharmonikeR (Mark Constable)
The Vienna Philharmonic (Andante)

Biographies of Performers: Main Page | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Explanation | Acronyms

Introduction | Cantatas | Other Vocal | Instrumental | Performers | General Topics | Articles | Books | Movies | New
Biographies | Texts & Translations | Scores | References | Commentaries | Music | Concerts | Festivals | Tour | Art & Memorabilia
Chorale Texts | Chorale Melodies | Lutheran Church Year | Readings | Poets & Composers | Arrangements & Transcriptions
Search Website | Search Works/Movements | Terms & Abbreviations | Copyright | How to contribute | Sitemap | Links



 

Back to the Top


Last update: ưAugust 23, 2013 ư21:26:22