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Chorale Melodies: Sorted by Title | 371 4-Part Chorales sorted by Breitkopf Number | Explanation

Chorale Melodies used in Bach's Vocal Works
Die güldne Sonne voll Freud und Wonne

Melody & Text | Use of the CM by Bach | Use of the CM by other composers

 

Melody & Text: Zahn: 8015 | EKG: --

Text: Die güldne Sonne voll Freud und Wonne

Paul Gerhardt, 1666 - 12 verses.

 

Melody (Melody 1):

Anonymous, 1708.

 

Earlier but different melody (Melody 2): EKG: 346

The earlier original, but different and much more famous melody to the same text:

Composer: Johann Georg Ebeling, 1666; EKG: 346
Von Johann Georg Ebeling in: Pauli Gerhardi Geistliche Andachten, Berlin 1666.

>>Die Melodie von »Die güldne Sonne voll Freud und Wonne« beruht ganz auf der Tradition der frühbarocken Kanzonette. Die Verwandtschaft dieser Weise mit Gastoldis »An hellen Tagen«, die in den ev. Gemeindegesang in Verbindung mit J. Lindemanns »In dir ist Freude« Eingang gefunden hat, ist unverkennbar. Ebelings Weisen gehen wie die sämtlicher bedeutenden Melodienschöpfer jener Zeit auf intensive Wort-Tonbehandlung aus. Ihre Grenze findet diese jedoch an der offenbaren Bezogenheit auf den Text der jeweils ersten Strophe eines Liedes, wie es sich etwa in der Tonmalerei vom Abgesang der Weise »Die güldene Sonne« zeigt.<<
Author: Walter Blankenburg, MGG1, Bärenreiter, 1986

(„The melody of Die güldne Sonne voll Freud und Wonne is based entirely upon the tradition of the early Baroque canzonetta. The connection of this melody to Gastoldi’s An hellen Tagen which has become a part of Evangelical congregational singing with the help of J. Lindemann’s transformation of the Gastoldi original into In dir ist Freude, is undeniable. Ebeling’s melodies, as is the case also with all the most famous composers of chorale melodies, concentrate on an intensive treatment of and regard for the relationship between the text and the music. The application of such a treatment is limited, to be sure, to only the text of the first verse of a chorale as can be seen in the obvious word-painting in the ‘Abgesang’ of the melody, Die güldne Sonne. [the melody descends stepwise down one octave on the words Mein Haupt und Glieder, die lagen darnieder{“My head and limbs were lying down”} but it ascends upward on aber nun steh ich, bin munter und fröhlich {“but now I am standing again and am full of life and happy”}]

 

Another different melody (Melody 3): Zahn: 8015

Johann Anastasius Freylinghausen Halle, 1708 (4th edition of Geistreiches Gesangbuch….) [Note how this (anonymous) version of the melody, 42 years later, emulates the word-painting feature first employed by Ebeling.]

 

Use of the Chorale Melody by Bach:

BWV 451 1736 from the Schmelli Songbook [Musicalisches Gesang=Buch….Leipzig, 1736] The modifications to the melody and the added bass line (not figured in this instance!) are probably by Bach. Note the similarities with the melody (Zahn 8015) in the Freylinghausen hymnal with which the Schemelli may have been in competition.

Text: Die güldne Sonne voll Freud und Wonne | EKG: --
Author: Paul Gerhardt (1666)

Ver

Work

Mvt.

Year

Br

RE

KE

Di

BC

Score

Music Examples

1-12

BWV 451

-

1736

-

-

-

-

F219

-

-

 

Use of the Chorale Melody by other composers:

Franz Lehrndorfer (b 1928):
Improvisation on Die güldene Sonne for organ (most probably based upon Ebeling's melody and not Bach's transformation for BWV 451)

 

Sources: NBA, vols. III/2.1 & 2.2 in particular [Bärenreiter, 1954 to present] and the BWV ("Bach Werke Verzeichnis") [Breitkopf & Härtel, 1998]
The PDF files of the Chorales were contributed by Margaret Greentree J.S. Bach Chorales
Software: Capella 2004 Software, version 5.1.
Prepared by Thomas Braatz & Aryeh Oron (June 2006)

Chorales BWV 250-438
Recordings | General Discussions: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Chorales in Bach Cantatas: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Hidden Chorale Melody Allusions | Passion Chorale
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Hilliard - Morimur | Chorales - Matt | Chorales - Rilling | Preludi ai Corali - Quartetto Italiani di Viola Da Gamba
References:
Chorales BWV 250-300 | Chorales BWV 301-350 | Chorales BWV 351-400 | Chorales BWV 401-438
Texts & English Translations of Chorales:
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Cantatas BWV 1-197 | Other Vocal Works BWV 225-248 | Chorales BWV 250-438
Articles:
The Origin of the Texts of the Chorales [Schweitzer] | The Origin of the Melodies of the Chorales [Schweitzer] | The Chorale in the Church Service [Schweitzer] | Choral / Chorale [Terry]
Hymnals used by Bach | Abbreviations used for the Chorales | Links to other Sites about the Chorales

Chorale Melodies: Sorted by Title | 371 4-Part Chorales sorted by Breitkopf Number | Explanation

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Last update: ýJune 2, 2006 ý05:29:40