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Cantata BWV 59
Wer mich liebet, der wird mein Wort halten [I]
Provenance

Thomas Braatz wrote (May 25, 2002):
BWV 59 - Provenance:

Both the autograph scores and original set of parts for this cantata BWV 59 and BWV 74 (with the same title) were part of CPE Bach’s inheritance. It is assumed that CPE gave WF Bach the autograph score for BWV 74 (which might explain why it was lost while in his care and has never been seen since.) All the remaining original parts of BWV 74 and BWV 59 with the autograph score of the latter are next found in the library of the Berliner Singakademie (where Zelter played an important role in acquiring Bach manuscripts.) The title on the folder is mainly in CPE’s hand with some additions by Zelter who indicated the year of composition. The BB acquired the folder and its contents in 1854 and this is where they are still located today.

At the top of the autograph score in Bach’s hand is the following:

JJ. Concerto Feria I Penticostes [sic] where the ‘F’ of ‘Feria’ shows an erasure of a ‘D’ (‘Dominica’?)

First Performance:

Zelter, Leipzig, 1731
Spitta: Weimar, 1716
Terry: May 31, 1716
Schering: Leipzig, 1723 (in the small university church in Leipzig)
Dürr: May 16, 1723 with a repeat performance (according to Dadelsen) on May 28, 1724
The NBA agrees with the latter with final decisions based upon watermarks which were not carefully examined and catalogued before Dürr’s time.

Sequence of Mvts.:

The conclusion of the NBA editors after examining all the evidence in the form of existing autograph score and original parts, and considering arguments put forth by Spitta and Schering is that the final mvt. is the bass aria and not the chorale.

The Text:

The librettist is Erdmann Neumeister, who first published the text in Eisenach, 1714 and later in Leipzig, 1716 in a book entitled “Geistliche Cantaten” intended for use throughout the liturgical year including ‘Sundays and Special Holidays’ such as Pentecost. Bach follows the text closely but omits the 3rd verse of the chorale, “Erhalt uns, Herr, bei deinem Wort” which begins “Gott heilger Geist….” He also does nothing with the final aria text. Spitta surmises that this happened because ‘the arrangement of mvts. was musically disadvantageous’ and not because part of the cantata might have been lost. This can be determined by examining the autograph score carefully (which the NBA editors also did and discovered that nothing indicates that Bach wanted this cantata to be continued.

Here is Neumeister’s complete text, including the parts that Bach skipped:

IV.

Johann. XIV, 23
WEr mich liebet , der wird mein
Wort halten, und mein Va-
ter wird ihn lieben, und wir wer-
den zu ihm kommen, und Woh-
nung bey ihm machen.

O was sind das vor Ehren,
Worzu uns Jesus setzt?
Der uns so würdig schätzt,
Daß Er verheißt
Samt Vater und dem Heilgen Geist
In unsern Hertzen einzukehren.
O! was sind das vor Ehren?
Der Mensch ist Staub,
Der Eitelkeit ihr Raub,
Der Müh und Arbeit Trauer-Spiel,
Und alles Elends Zweck und Ziel.
Wie nun? Der Allerhöchste spricht:
Er will in unsern Seelen
Die Wohnung sich erwehlen?
Ach was thut Gottes Liebe nicht?
Ach daß doch, wie Er wollte,
Ihn auch ein ieder lieben sollte!

„Komm, Heiliger Geist, HErre Gott!
„erfüll mit deiner Gnade gut deiner
„Gläubigen Hertz, Muth und Sinn.
„Dein brünst’ge Lieb entzünd in ihn’n.
„O Herr, durch deines Lichtes Glantz
„zu dem Glauben versammlet hast das
„Volck aus aller Welt Zungen. Das
„sey dir, Herr, zu Lob gesungen. Hal-
„leluja! Halleluja.

Die Welt mit allen Königreichen,
Die Welt mit aller Herrlichkeit
Kann dieser Herrlichkeit nicht gleichen,
Womit uns unser Gott erfreut:
Daß Er in unsern Hertzen thronet,
Und wie in einem Himmel wohnet.
Ach Gott! Wie seelig sind wir doch!
Wie seelig werden wir erst noch,
Wenn wir nach dieser Zeit der Erden
Bey dir im Himmel wohnen werden?

„GOTT Heil’ger Geist, du Tröster
„werth, gieb dein’m Volck ein’rley Sinn
„auf Erd. Steh bey uns in der letzten
„Noth, gleit uns ins Leben aus dem | Tod.

Rom XV, 13
Gott der Hoffnung erfüllt euch
mit aller Freude und Friede im
Glauben, daß ihr völlige Hoff-
Nung habet durch die Krafft des
Heiligen Geistes.

Ich bin der Seeligkeit gewiß,
Und fürchte weder Tod noch Hölle.
Mich, mich erquickt die Freuden-Quelle,
Der Tröster, Gott der Heil’ge Geist.
Weil der michs freudig hoffen heißt,
So ist gewissers nichts als diß:
Ich bin der Seeligkeit gewiß!

 

Cantata BWV 59: Details & Complete Recordings | Recordings of Individual Movements | Discussions: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3

References: Main Page | Cantatas BWV 1-50 | Cantatas BWV 51-100 | Cantatas BWV 101-150 | Cantatas BWV 151-200 | Cantatas BWV 201-224 | Other Vocal BWV 225-249 | Chorales BWV 250-300 | Chorales BWV 301-350 | Chorales BWV 351-400 | Chorales BWV 401-438 | Geistliche Lieder BWV 439-507 | AMN BWV 508-524 | Vocal Works BWV Anh | BGA | NBA | BC: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | Sources
Discussions of BWV Numbering System: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3

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Last update: ýSeptember 28, 2011 ý17:40:12