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Chorale Melodies: Sorted by Title | 371 4-Part Chorales sorted by Breitkopf Number | Explanation

Chorale Melodies used in Bach's Vocal Works
Es ist das Heil uns kommen her

Melody & Text | Use of the CM by Bach | Use of the CM by other composers

 

Melody & Text: Zahn: 4430 | EKG: 242

Melody:

Chorale melody first recorded in the 15th century as an Easter song or chorale: Freu dich, du werte Christenheit (also known as Freut euch, ihr Frauen und ihr Mann.)

It then was used by Paul Speratus for his chorale text Es ist das Heil uns kommen her and first appeared in print in Nürnberg in 1523 in a collection of other hymns/chorales/spiritual songs known in the circle around Luther as the “Achtliederbuch” and was entitled “Etlich Christlich lider.”

In various collections the chorale text Es ist das Heil uns kommen her and its associated melody has been grouped together with similar hymns under the category of "Bekenntnislied" ["a song of faith, or confession of one's faith"] Samuel Scheidt has it categorized as "Von der Rechtfertigung" ["about justification or defence of one's beliefs"] and another has it as a "Glaubenslied" ["a song of belief, faith or creed."]

 

A melody source with which Bach might have been acquainted:

 

Text 1: Es ist das Heil uns kommen her | EKG: 242

Author: Paul Speratus, while he was in prison and sentenced to death by burning (1523).

 

Text 2: Sei Lob und Ehr dem höchsten Gut | EKG: 233*

Author: Johann Jakob Schütz (1640-1690), born in Frankfurt/Main where he was a lawyer and a governmental advisor. He was a mystic; arranged pietistic, devotional get-togethers; later in life he devoted his time to visionary ideas.

* while the text is the same that Bach used, the chorale melody is entirely different.

 

Use of the Chorale Melody by Bach:

Text 1: Es ist das Heil uns kommen her | EKG: 242
Author: Paul Speratus (1523)

Ver

Work

Mvt.

Year

Br

RE

KE

Di

BC

Score

Music Examples

1

BWV 9

Mvt. 1

1731-35

-

-

-

-

A107:1

 

Mvt. 1 (Leusink)

12

BWV 9

Mvt. 7

1731-35

289

290

87

70

A107:7

PDF

Mvt. 7 (MG) [midi] | Mvt. 7 (CCARH) | Mvt. 7 (Leusink) [ram]

9

BWV 86

Mvt. 6

1724

4

4

86

-

A73:6

PDF

Mvt. 6 (MG) [midi] | Mvt. 6 (Leusink) [ram]

12

BWV 155

Mvt. 5

1716

334

88

335

-

A32:5

PDF

Mvt. 5 (MG) [midi] | Mvt. 5 (Leusink) [ram]

10

BWV 186

Mvt. 6

1723

-

-

-

-

A108:6

 

Mvt. 6 (Leusink) [ram]

9

BWV 186

Mvt. 11

1723

-

-

-

-

A108:11

 

Mvt. 11 (Leusink) [ram]

 

Text 2: Sei Lob und Ehr dem höchsten Gut | EKG: 233
Author:
Johann Jakob Schütz

Ver

Work

Mvt.

Year

Br

RE

KE

Di

BC

Score

Music Examples

1

BWV 117

Mvt. 1

1728-31

-

-

-

-

A187:1

 

Mvt. 1 (Leusink) [ram]

4

BWV 117

Mvt. 4

1728-31

248
353

90

248
354

1
100

A187:4

PDF | PDFv1 | PDFv2

Mvt. 4 (MG) [midi] | Mvt. 4 ver 1 (MG) [midi] | Mvt. 4 ver 2 (MG) [midi] | Mvt. 4 (Leusink) [ram]

9

BWV 117

Mvt. 9

1728-31

-

90

-

-

A187:9

PDF

Mvt. 9 (Leusink) [ram]

1

BWV 251

-

c1729

-

89

329

-

F59.4

PDF

Chorale [midi]

BWV 251: used during the wedding ceremony as explained on the score sample.

 

Untexted:

Ver

Work

Mvt.

Year

Br

RE

KE

Di

BC

Score

Music Examples

1

BWV 638

-

1713-15

-

-

-

-

K67

   

BWV 638: Title given: Es ist das Heil uns kommen her a chorale prelude for organ from Bach’s Orgelbüchlein, No. 40 [this probably refers to verse 1].

 

Use of the Chorale Melody by other composers:

Sixt Dietrich (c1490-1548):
Es ist das Heil uns kommen her (published 1544)

Arnold von Bruck (1500 (?)-1554):
Es ist das Heil uns kommen her, Setting for 4 voices

Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck (1562-1621):
Es ist das Heil ulns kommen her, Prelude and Chorale Variations for organ (2 variations)

Hans Leo Hassler (1564-1612):
A setting for 4 voices. Es ist das Heil uns kommen her

Johann Hermann Schein (1586-1630):
Two settings with basso continuo:
- Es ist das Heil uns kommen her 2 sopranos (1618)
- Es ist das Heil uns kommen her SATB (1627)

Samuel Scheidt (1587-1654):
A setting in four parts for organ Es ist das Heil uns kommen her No. 46 from Das Görlitzer Tabulaturbuch (1650)

Matthias Weckmann (1616/1621(?) - 1674):
Chorale Variations for Organ (with a canonic cantus-firmus setting, some variations with thick, 6-voice imitative polyphony with double pedal, but also variations with soloistic figurations over sustained backgrounds.

Dietrich Buxtehude (c.1637-1707):
A chorale prelude for organ (with pedal): Es ist das Heil uns kommen her, BuxWV 186

Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow (1663-1712)::
Es ist das Heil uns kommen her, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Daniel Erich (c1649-1712):
Es ist das Heil uns kommen her, Chorale Prelude for Organ for from his Plauener Orgelbuch (1708)

Georg Philipp Telemann (1681-1767):
Sacred cantata based on a Neumeister text Es ist das Heil uns kommen her (1719)

Johann Gottfried Walther (1684-1748):
Chorale Prelude for organ Es ist das Heil uns kommen her LV 84.

Georg Friedrich Kauffmann (1679-1735):
Chorale Prelude Es ist das Heil uns kommen her from Harmonische Sellenlust… (Leipzig, 1733)

Johann Ludwig Krebs (1713-1780) (This is the ‘crab’ = Krebs in the ‘brook’ = Bach]:
Es ist das Heil uns kommen her, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Johannes Brahms (1833-1897):
Opus 29 no. 1, an unaccompanied motet Es ist das Heil uns kommen her for 5 voices (before 1860) a four-part chorale is succeeded by an elaborate fugal variation on the chorale melody.

In the Grove Music Online [Oxford University Press, 2005, acc. 8/9/05], Robert L. Marshall and Robin A. Leaver report: “The backward-looking tendency observable in the chorale cantatas of Mendelssohn, the ‘a cappella’ motets of J.G. Schicht, and later in Brahms’s chorale motet, Es ist das Heil uns kommen her, op.29, was a creative response to the Restoration movement in the Lutheran church that had begun in the second decade of the 19th century; this movement led not only to the scholarly investigation of the chorale and liturgical traditions but also to intensive consideration of the question of ‘proper’ church music. This in turn led to successive revivals of older styles, each presented as the ideal: 16th-century ‘a cappella’ music, especially that of Palestrina and Eccard; then the church music of Bach; and later that of Schütz.”

Max Reger (1873-1916):
1st Suite for Organ op. 16 (1894-1895).
Chorale for Organ Es ist das Heil uns kommen her / Sei Lob und Ehr’ dem höchsten Gut, op. 67 no 10
Chorale for Organ Es ist das Heil uns kommen her, op. 135a no 7 from 30 kleine Choral Vorspiele (1914)

 

Sources: NBA, vols. III/2.1 & 2.2 in particular [Bärenreiter, 1954 to present] and the BWV ("Bach Werke Verzeichnis") [Breitkopf & Härtel, 1998]
The PDF files of the Chorales were contributed by Margaret Greentree J.S. Bach Chorales
Software: Capella 2004 Software, version 5.1.
Prepared by Thomas Braatz & Aryeh Oron (August 2005)

Chorales BWV 250-438
Recordings | General Discussions: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Chorales in Bach Cantatas: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Hidden Chorale Melody Allusions | Passion Chorale
Individual Recordings:
Hilliard - Morimur | Chorales - Matt | Chorales - Rilling | Preludi ai Corali - Quartetto Italiani di Viola Da Gamba
References:
Chorales BWV 250-300 | Chorales BWV 301-350 | Chorales BWV 351-400 | Chorales BWV 401-438
Texts & English Translations of Chorales:
Sorted by Title
Chorale Melodies:
Sorted by Title | Explanation
MIDI files of the Chorales:
Cantatas BWV 1-197 | Other Vocal Works BWV 225-248 | Chorales BWV 250-438
Articles:
The Origin of the Texts of the Chorales [Schweitzer] | The Origin of the Melodies of the Chorales [Schweitzer] | The Chorale in the Church Service [Schweitzer] | Choral / Chorale [Terry]
Hymnals used by Bach | Abbreviations used for the Chorales | Links to other Sites about the Chorales

Chorale Melodies: Sorted by Title | 371 4-Part Chorales sorted by Breitkopf Number | Explanation

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Last update: ýApril 25, 2006 ý08:59:50