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Chorale Melodies: Sorted by Title | 371 4-Part Chorales sorted by Breitkopf Number | Explanation

Chorale Melodies used in Bach's Vocal Works
Jesu, meine Freude

Melody & Text | Use of the CM by Bach | Use of the CM by other composers | Arrangements/Transcriptions

 

Melody & Text: Zahn: 8032 | EKG: 293

Melody:

This melody by Johann Crüger appeared for the first time in Crüger’s Praxis pietatls melica (4th Edition) Berlin, 1653.

With the sole exception of BWV 87/7, where Bach used instead the 9th verse of Heinrich Müller’s (1659) chorale text Selig ist die Seele, all Bach’s settings of this melody use or make reference to Johann Franck’s chorale text Jesu, meine Freude from 1650.

 

Text 1: Jesu, meine Freude | EKG: 293
Author: Johann Franck (1650)

Text 2: Selig ist die Seele | EKG:
Author: Heinrich Müller (1659)

 

Early sources of the chorale melody:

The appearance of the melody originally looked like this as presented by Johann Crüger in 1653:

A hymnal source closer to Bach’s time and one which he may have had access to is the Gotha Hymnal from 1715. There the melody appears as follows:

 

Use of the Chorale Melody by Bach:

Text 1: Jesu, meine Freude | EKG: 293
Author: Johann Franck (1650)

Ver

Work

Mvt.

Year

Br

RE

KE

Di

BC

Score

Music Examples

5

BWV 64

Mvt. 8

1723

138

200

138

12

A15:8

PDF

Mvt. 8 (MG) [midi] | Mvt. 8 (Leusink) [ram]

2

BWV 81

Mvt. 7

1724

323

197

324

-

A39:7

PDF

Mvt. 7 (MG) [midi] | Mvt. 7 (Leusink) [ram]

1

BWV 227

Mvt. 1

?

263

196

263

31

C5:1

PDF

Mvt. 1 (CCARH) [midi] | Mvt. 1 (MG) [midi]

2

BWV 227

Mvt. 3

?

-

198

-

32

C5:3

PDF

Mvt. 3 (CCARH) [midi] | Mvt. 3 (MG) [midi]

4

BWV 227

Mvt. 7

?

283

199

283

21

C5:7

PDF

Mvt. 7 (CCARH) [midi]

6

BWV 227

Mvt. 11

?

263

196

263

31

C5:11

PDF

Mvt. 11 (MG) [midi]

 

Text 2: Selig ist die Seele | EKG:
Author: Heinrich Müller (1659)

Ver

Work

Mvt.

Year

Br

RE

KE

Di

BC

Score

Music Examples

9

BWV 87

Mvt. 7

1725

96

201

96

105

F74:7

PDF

Mvt. 7 (MG) [midi] | Mvt. 7 (Leusink) [ram]

 

Untexted:

Ver

Work

Mvt.

Year

Br

RE

KE

Di

BC

Score

Music Examples

-

BWV 12

Mvt. 6

1714

-

-

-

-

A68:6

-

Mvt. 6 (Leusink) [ram]

-

BWV 358

-

?

355

195

356

115

F116.1

PDF

Chorale [midi]

-

BWV 610

-

1713/15

-

-

-

-

K39

-

 

-

BWV 713

-

1700/17

-

-

-

-

K138

-

 

-

BWV 753

-

?

-

-

-

-

K124

-

 

-

BWV 1105

-

b 1710

-

-

-

-

K178

-

 

BWV 12/6: untexted Tromba in Tenor Aria.
BWV 753: (fragment of only 9 measures) (no score sample)

 

Use of the Chorale Melody by other composers:

David Pohle [Pohl, Pohlen, Pole, Pol, Bohle] (b 1624 - Marienberg, nr Chemnitz, Germany; d December 20, 1695 - Merseburg, Germany):
Jesu, meine Freude, 4 voices, 3 instruments, bc

Johann Kaspar Kerll (1627-1693)
Wie der Hirsch schreiet nach frischem Wasser, Jesu, meine Freude, Herr, wenn ich dich nur habe for Soprano, 2 Violins and bc

Dietrich Buxtehude (c1637-1707):
Jesu, meine Freude, Cantata for SSB, 2 vn, bn, bc, BuxWV 60

Johann Samuel Welter (1650-1720):
Cantata: Jesu meine Freude for C(anto)., A., T., B., 2 Violins, 3 Violas, Bassoon, (Violone), bc.-Organ

Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow (1663-1712):
2 Keyboard Variations on the Chorales Jesu, meine Freude and Nun komm der Heiden Heiland

Andreas Nicolaus Vetter (1666-1734):
Jesu, meine Freude, 7 verses set a chorale preludes for organ [now lost]

Georg Philipp Telemann (1681-1767):
Church Cantata: Jesu, meine Freude (I) (Neumeister), TWV 1:965 (1719)
Church Cantata: Jesu, meine Freude (II) (Neumeister), 4 flutes, 2 oboes, strings, bc, TWV 1:966 (1722)
Church Cantata: Jesu, meine Freude (III) (Neumeister), strings, bc, TWV 1:967 (1722)
Church Cantata: Jesu, meine Freude (Neumeister), TWV 1:968 (1723) [Lost]
Church Cantata: Jesu, meine Freude, TWV 1:969 (1724) [Lost]
Church Cantata: Jesu, meine Freude (IX) (J. Franck), 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, strings, bc, TWV 1:970 (1754)
Church Cantata: Jesu, meine Freude, TWV 1:971 (1755) [Lost]
Church Cantata: Jesu, meine Freude, TWV 1:972 (1760) [Lost]
Church Cantata: Jesu, meine Freude, TWV 1:973
Jesu, meine Freude, Chorale Preludes (2), for organ in D major, TWV 31:33-34 (1735)

Johann Gottfried Walther (1684-1748):
Jesu, meine Freude, 4 Chorale Preludes for Organ (a ‘partite’ with variations?)
Variations for organ on Jesu meine Freude

Georg Friedrich Händel (1685-1759)
Prelude on Jesu, meine Freude for keyboard in G minor, HWV 480

Wilhelm Friedemann Bach (1710-1784):
Jesu, meine Freude, Chorale Prelude for Organ, F. 38/1/3 (BR A95)

Johann Ludwig Krebs (1713-1780):
Jesu, meine Freude, Chorale Prelude for Organ with obbligato oboe (1743)
Jesu, meine Freude, Chorale Prelude for Organ
Jesu, meine Freude, Cantata SATB, oboe, strings, bc, ed. N. Klose (Embühren, 1993)
Jesu, meine Freude, for Organ (Clavierübung)
Preambulum sopra Jesu, mein Freude, for organ

Friedrich Wilhelm Marpurg (1718-1795):
Jesu, Meine Freude, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Johann Gottfried Müthel (1728-1788):
Jesu meine Freude, Chorale for Organ

Johann Christian Rinck (1770-1846):
Jesu meine Freude, Partita for Organ

Johann Gottlob Töpfer (1791-1870):
Jesu meine Freude, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (1809-1847):
Jesu, meine Freude, Chorale Cantata for chorus, strings in E minor, 22 Jan 1828, facsimile, with introduction by O. Jonas (Chicago, 1966), ed. B. Pritchard (Hilversum, 1972)

Johannes Gijsbertus Bastiaans (1812-1875):
Chorale on Jesu meine Freude for 4 voices

Bedřich [Friedrich] Smetana (b March 2, 1824 - Litomyšl, Czechlovakia; d May 12, 1884 Prague, Czechlovakia):
Jesu, meine Freude, Chorale, SATB (1846)

Richard Bartmuß (1859-1910):
2 Chorale Fantasias on Christ ist erstanden and Jesu meine Freude for Organ, op. 44

Max Reger (1873-1916):
Jesu meine Freude, Chorale Prelude for Organ, Op. 67/21 (1902)

Sigfrid Karg-Elert (1877-1933):
Symphonic Chorales (3) for organ, Op. 87: No. 2, Jesu, meine Freude

Margaret Sutherland (1897-1984):
Chorale Prelude Jesu, meine Freude

Reinhard Schwarz-Schilling (1904-1985):
Jesu, meine Freude, Chorale for Organ (1927)

Karl Höller (1907-1987):
Chorale Variations on Helft mir Gottes Güte preisen and Jesu meine Freude Op. 22 (1936)

Joseph Ahrens (1904-1997):
Jesu, meine Freude, Partita for Organ (1942)

Max Drischner (b January 31, 1891 - Prieborn by Breslau; d April 25, 1971 - Goslar):
2 Chorale Partitas on Jesu meine Freude and Befiehl du deine Wege (1945), 1969 (dedicated to Wanda Landowska)

Gerhard Schwarz (b August 22, 1902 - Waldenburg [now Wałbrzych, Poland]; d October 13, 1994 - Bebra):
Jesu, meine Freude, Cantata (1961)

Bernhard Krol (b 1920):
Sinfonia sacra Jesu, meine Freude trombone and organ, Op. 56 (1973)

Barrie Cabena: (b 1933)
Jesu, meine Freude, Pastorale for Organ (1973?)

J.S. Bach (Spurious): [based upon the NBA KB IV/10 (2008)]
Jesu, meine Freude, Chorale Prelude for Organ, BWV Anh 58 [Emans Nr. 118]
A thorough discussion regarding the authenticity of this chorale prelude has not yet taken place; however, based upon the existing copies, there still is no really good reason to doubt the authenticity of this work.

Jesu, meine Freude, Chorale Prelude for Organ, BWV Anh 59 [Emans Nr. 119]
Although the transmission of this composition has not removed all doubts about its authenticity, Bach’s authorship could not be contradicted by a careful investigation and scrutiny of all of the evidence provided by the various original sources. Stylistically there is evidence of musical features which are unlike Bach. There is also a possibility that the interludes within this piece were added by another composer, but even the basic 3-part structure of the chorale does not completely resemble our present-day understanding of Bach’s music. The NBA has refrained from including it among the printed, authenticated versions of Bach’s organ works.

 

Arrangements/Transcriptions of Bach's use of the Chorale Melody:

Richard Yardumian (1917-1985):
Jesu, meine Freude, Nun komm der heiden Heiland, 2 Chorale Preludes for Orchestra (1978) [arreangements of organ works]

Ira Stein (contemporary):
Improvisation for Jazz Trio on the Opening Chorale Jesu, Mein Freude from Motet BWV 227 (1998)

See list of Piano Transcriptions of BWV 227/1 by various composers/arrangers at:
Piano Transcriptions of Bach's Works - Index by BWV Number Part 2: Other Vocal Works

See list of Piano Transcriptions of BWV 610, BWV 713 & BWV 753 by various composers/arrangers at:
Piano Transcriptions of Bach's Works - Index by BWV Number Part 4: Chorale Preludes for Organ

 

Sources: NBA, vols. III/2.1 & 2.2 in particular [Bärenreiter, 1954 to present] and the BWV ("Bach Werke Verzeichnis") [Breitkopf & Härtel, 1998]
The PDF files of the Chorales were contributed by Margaret Greentree J.S. Bach Chorales
Software: Capella 2004 Software, version 5.1.
Prepared by Thomas Braatz & Aryeh Oron (December 2005, March 2008, March 2009)

Chorales BWV 250-438
Recordings | General Discussions: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Chorales in Bach's Vocal Works: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6 | Hidden Chorale Melody Allusions | Passion Chorale
Individual Recordings:
Hilliard - Morimur | Chorales - Matt | Chorales - Rilling | Preludi ai Corali - Quartetto Italiani di Viola Da Gamba
References:
Chorales BWV 250-300 | Chorales BWV 301-350 | Chorales BWV 351-400 | Chorales BWV 401-438
Texts & English Translations of Chorales:
Sorted by Title
Chorale Melodies:
Sorted by Title | 371 4-Part Chorales sorted by Breitkopf Number | Explanation
MIDI files of the Chorales:
Cantatas BWV 1-197 | Other Vocal Works BWV 225-248 | Chorales BWV 250-438
Articles:
The Origin of the Texts of the Chorales [Schweitzer] | The Origin of the Melodies of the Chorales [Schweitzer] | The Chorale in the Church Service [Schweitzer] | Choral / Chorale [Terry] | The History of the Breitkopf Collection of J. S. Bach’s Four-Part Chorales [Braatz] | Chorale Melody Allusions in Bach's Vocal Works [Braatz]
Hymnals used by Bach | Abbreviations used for the Chorales | Links to other Sites about the Chorales

Chorale Melodies: Sorted by Title | 371 4-Part Chorales sorted by Breitkopf Number | Explanation

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Last update: ýJanuary 19, 2010 ý10:12:29