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Chorale Melodies: Sorted by Title | 371 4-Part Chorales sorted by Breitkopf Number | Explanation

Chorale Melodies used in Bach's Vocal Works
O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort

Melody & Text | Use of the CM by Bach | Use of the CM by other composers

 

Melody & Text: Zahn: 5820 | EKG: 324

The original melody was composed by Johann Schop (1590-1667) and first appeared as a spiritual/sacred song Wach auf, mein Geist, erhebe dich in his collection Himlische Lieder (the 3rd set of 10 compositions), Lüneburg, 1642. Johann Crüger adapted and modified slightly Johann Schopís melody, combined it with Ristís text O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort, and then published it in his [Crügerís] collection called Praxis pietatis melica (5th edition, Berlin 1653).

A version of Crügerís adaptation of the melody published in 1658 is given below:

Johann Schopís best efforts as a composer of songs were directed at setting Ristís spiritual (chorale) texts to music that was simple enough for congregations to sing. Some of his best-known melodies which are still sung today in churches include Wach auf, mein Geist, erhebe dich, Lasset uns den Herren preisen, Werde munter, mein Gemüthe, Ermuntre dich, mein schwacher Geist, and O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort. [From this latter statement in the MGG1, it is not clear whether Schop had originally attached a different melody to Ristís text O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort or whether the Schopís connection with O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort was only made possible by Crügerís adaptation of Schopís original melody for Wach auf, mein Geist, erhebe dich. This MGG1 report only confuses the issue, while the earlier statement is closer to the truth as it presents reliable documentation of the true sequence of events.]

 

Use of the Chorale Melody by Bach:

Text: O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort | EKG: 324
Author: Johann Rist (1642)

Ver

Work

Mvt.

Year

Br

RE

KE

Di

BC

Score

Music Examples

1

BWV 20

Mvt. 1

1724

-

-

-

-

A95:1

-

Mvt. 1 (Leusink) [ram]

8

BWV 20

Mvt. 7

1724

26

276

26

-

A95:7

PDF

Mvt. 7 (MG) [midi] | Mvt. 7 (Leusink) [ram]

12

BWV 20

Mvt. 11

1724

26

276

26

-

A95:11

PDF

Mvt. 11 (MG) [midi] | Mvt. 11 (Leusink) [ram]

1

BWV 60

Mvt. 1

1723

-

-

-

-

A161:1

-

Mvt. 1 (Leusink) [ram]

1

BWV 513

-

b 1733-4

-

-

-

-

F218

-

Chorale (RMM) [midi]

BWV 20: For BWV 20/1, 7, 11 1724 Bach uses verses 1, 8, and 12 respectively from the shortened 12 verse version that appeared in Gottfried Vopeliusís hymnal from 1682 and not the original Rist chorale text with a total of 16 verses. Mvts. 7 and 11 have the same melody form and harmonization. This is the same as listed as Breitkopf 26
BWV 513: from the Anna Magdalena Notebook 1725.

 

Untexted:

Ver

Work

Mvt.

Year

Br

RE

KE

Di

BC

Score

Music Examples

-

BWV 397

-

?

274

275

274

23

F156:1

PDF

Chorale (MG) [midi]

BWV 397: probably from a lost cantata.

 

Use of the Chorale Melody by other composers:

Tobias Zeutschner (1621-1675):
Setting of the Chorale O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort in P. Sohr(e), in Musicalischer Vorschmack (Ratzeburg, 1683)

Georg Philipp Telemann (1681-1767):
Church Cantata: O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort (Neumeister), 1:1189 (1723)

Johann Gottfried Walther (1684-1748):
O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Johann Tobias Krebs (1690-1762):
O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort, Chorale Prelude for Organ, T 83

Felix Draeseke (1835-1913):
O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort, Chorale Prelude for Organ (1909)

Georg Scheel (1866-1945):
O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Franz Schmidt (1874-1939):
O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort, Chorale Prelude for Organ from Vier kleine Choralvorspiele

 

Sources: NBA, vols. III/2.1 & 2.2 in particular [Bärenreiter, 1954 to present] and the BWV ("Bach Werke Verzeichnis") [Breitkopf & Härtel, 1998]
The PDF files of the Chorales were contributed by Margaret Greentree J.S. Bach Chorales
Software: Capella 2004 Software, version 5.1.
Prepared by Thomas Braatz & Aryeh Oron (December 2005)

Chorales BWV 250-438
Recordings | General Discussions: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Chorales in Bach Cantatas: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Hidden Chorale Melody Allusions | Passion Chorale
Individual Recordings:
Hilliard - Morimur | Chorales - Matt | Chorales - Rilling | Preludi ai Corali - Quartetto Italiani di Viola Da Gamba
References:
Chorales BWV 250-300 | Chorales BWV 301-350 | Chorales BWV 351-400 | Chorales BWV 401-438
Texts & English Translations of Chorales:
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Chorale Melodies:
Sorted by Title | Explanation
MIDI files of the Chorales:
Cantatas BWV 1-197 | Other Vocal Works BWV 225-248 | Chorales BWV 250-438
Articles:
The Origin of the Texts of the Chorales [Schweitzer] | The Origin of the Melodies of the Chorales [Schweitzer] | The Chorale in the Church Service [Schweitzer] | Choral / Chorale [Terry]
Hymnals used by Bach | Abbreviations used for the Chorales | Links to other Sites about the Chorales

Chorale Melodies: Sorted by Title | 371 4-Part Chorales sorted by Breitkopf Number | Explanation

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Last update: żMay 9, 2006 ż09:11:36